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30 January 2011

Tsampa - the food of nomads

Tsampa - the food of nomadsOn the eve of Sagaalgan, a family couple from Ulan-Ude are releasing into production a unique product - tsampa.  This food, made by a special technology based on ancient recipes of nomadic people, will now become freely available. To release this "food of the gods" into mass production involved a long journey. Tsampa, talkan, Tibetan fast-food, Buryat muesli, talkanella  - there are many names for this food. But in any case, this food is unknown to the majority of residents of this republic. But for Altana Chadayeva, the taste of tsampa is a taste known and familiar since childhood. She was born and grew up in Altai, where this food is considered a national dish.

Vasilisa Shishkina, Nomer odin. Translated by Heda Jindrak
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29 January 2011

Research of Tuvan myths, legends and tales has been published

Research of  Tuvan myths, legends and tales  has been publishedA new publication by Tuvan Institute of Humanitarian research of Government of Republic Tyva  "Tuvan Myths, Legends and Tales" of  a 60-volume bilingual academic series "Pamyatniki folklora narodov Sibiri a Dalneho vostoka" (Volume 28) with a compact disc (Novosibirsk, Nauka, 2010) has now been released.

The series was founded by a member-correspondent of Russian Academy of Sciences A. B. Soktoyev.

The participants in the preparation of this volume were Institute of Philology SO RAN and Tuvan Institute of Humanitarian Research of Government of Republic Tyva. The editing, and preparation of the texts, notes, commentaries and index by N.A. Alexeyev, D.C. Kuular, Z.B. Samdan, Z.M. Yusha.

TIGI. Translated by Heda Jindrak
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29 January 2011

Albert Kuvezin. "New stage of my music"

Albert Kuvezin. "New stage of my music"Not so long ago, the musical community and then the entire republic heard the news - the newest  CD of world-famous group Yat-Kha was at the head of the European Union of radio stations hit-parade. The album Poets and Lighthouses, recorded in 2008 on Scottish island Jura, took first place in the  "ethno music" genre, but the permanent leader of the group insists that this concept does not reflect the album at all.

- Maybe one day some music critic will find a term that will accurately describe the genre, - explains Albert Kuvezin, - right now all I can say is that the album is very different fro the preceding ones. It was born quite spontaneously;

"Kyzyl-nedelya". Translated by Heda Jindrak
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29 January 2011

New book about Buddhist deities

New book about Buddhist deitiesNobody used to know about these things. And they could not have, but now the secrets of Tibetan monks are available for everybody. A descendant of a family of famous Tibetan doctors, Galsan Bagsha published a book about Tibetan deities in Russia.

Such a thing has never happened in Russia and in Buryatia before. This is the first time that the book "Buddhist Protector Deities" was published in Russian language. All these histories were gradually being forgotten after millennia, because earlier Tibetan lamas observed the strictest secrecy - everything than was connected with religion was transmitted orally only to their "spiritual sons", other  men in the religious orders.

Tivikom, Translated by Heda Jindrak
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26 January 2011

The Eurasian World: Values, Constants and Self-Organization

The Eurasian World: Values, Constants and Self-OrganizationA book co-authored by Russian and Mongolian researchers has been published in Novosibirsk under the title “The Eurasian World: Values, Constants and Self-Organization”. Its executive editor, head of the research team and one of the authors is Professor Yuri Popkov, Deputy Director for Research and Head of the Sector of Ethno-Social Studies at the Institute of Philosophy and Law, the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The book, rethinking the heritage of the classical Eurasianism, provides an original treatment of a number of important issues, including the values, constants and problems of self-organization of the Eurasian world. The authors base their conclusions on empirical research in different loci of the Eurasian world (Southern Siberia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Kalmykia and the Eurasian communities abroad).

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19 January 2011

Tengrianism and an epic heritage of Eurasian people: sources and the present

Tengrianism and an epic heritage of Eurasian people: sources and the presentDear colleagues! The organizing committee invites you to take part in III International scientifically-practical conference «Tengrianism and an epic heritage of Eurasian people: sources and the present» which will take place in Kyzyl, 1st July - 3rd July, 2011.

Following problems traditionally are supposed at conference discussion:

• Tengrianism and world outlook bases of the Turk-Mongolian people culture; 

• Dialogue of religious cultures of the people of the Central Asia and Siberia;

• Parallels of tengrianism and modern science: both natural and humanitarian.        

Application forms acceptance deadline - 1st February, 2011

Articles acceptance deadline - 1st April, 2011

Organizing committee
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16 January 2011

The mystery of Por-Bazhyn revealed

The mystery of Por-Bazhyn revealedIt seems that the scientists successfully solved the riddle of Por-Bazhyn. What kind of building is it, when was it built? What was the purpose of Por-Bazhyn? The scientists promised to find  answers to these questions when they were carrying out archeological excavations at Por-Bazhyn in 1007-2008. Now there are answers, thanks to the co-operation of archeologists and geologists,  and with the use of latest methods of scientific research.

In 1980's a new interdisciplinary scientific field appeared - geoarcheology. Por-Bazhyn became practically the first geoarcheological project organized by the Cultural Fund "Fortress Por-Bazhyn", within the framework of activities of Russian Fund of fundamental research.

"The unique aspect of the scientific expeditions to Por-Bazhyn lies in their  complexity, - the scientific leader of the project "Por-Bazhyn", the head of archeology department of Institute of ethnology and anthropology RAN, Irina Arzhantseva. - It was the first time in my memory that archeologists had the possibility to form a united multidisciplinary team, which consisted not just of archeologists but also of  architects, restorers, and those in natural sciences - geophysicists, geomorphologists, hydrologists, soil scientists and permafrost experts.

Marina Chanzan. Plyus Inform. Translated by Heda Jindrak
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12 January 2011

141 years from the birth of painter Grigoriy Choros-Gurkin

141 years from the birth of painter Grigoriy Choros-GurkinToday is the 141st birthday of Grigoriy Choros-Gurkin (1870-1937), a famous Siberian painter, a student of Ivan Shishkin.

From 1921 to 1952, Choros-Gurkin lived and worked in Tuva. Today his works, including the ones made in Tuva, hang in museums of Siberia, the State Russian Museum,(Sankt-Peterburg), in France and in Mongolia.

In 1937, as a supposed organizer of uprising activities (in favor of Japan), he was sentenced to death by shooting. Grigoriy Choros-Gurkin combined the traditions of realistic painting of the 19th century with symbolistic influences. By crating epic paintings permeated by ancient mythological associations of his country, he became a powerful influence on the local culture. During the years 1917-1919, Choros-Gurkin was the head of the local Duma, which attempted to initiate self-government and to secure national equality for Altaians.

From IA TuvaOnline. Translated by Heda Jindrak
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9 January 2011

A new publication about the intelligentsia of Tuvan People's Republic

A new publication about the intelligentsia of Tuvan People's RepublicA new monograph  "Formation of the intelligentsia in Tuvan People's Republic (1921-1944))" by the candidate of historical sciences, Ramil Kharunov, was published in Abakan (Abakan2009). The publication was realized with support by RGNF (project 09-01-63002a/T).

The work is dedicated to the history of formation of Tuvan intelligentsia; it is based on a wide spectrum of historical sources and works. Problems of the elevation and establishing of cadres, which took place in the 30's,  is discussed in detail. Supported by numerous archival materials, the author showed the complicated process of teaching of Tuvan students at educational institutions of the USSR. The monograph includes previously unknown biographical data of representatives of political and intellectual elite of TNR.

This publication should be interesting to scholars of Eastern Studies and historians, as well as everyone who is interested in the more recent history of Tuva.

Chimiza Lamajaa. Translated by Heda Jindrak
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31 December 2010

Happy New Year, dear readers and authors of the magazine!

Happy New Year, dear readers and authors of the magazine!Dear friends! We would like to offer you congratulations on a forthcoming 2011th new year! We wish you fulfillment of your desires, new inventions, joyful meetings, perfect impressions, creative inspirations! Be happy and wealthy – by ideas, friends, soul, health (and financial welfare will subjoin). We would like to thank our regular authors and readers for their interest, understanding and cooperation. Not only we thank them in words, but would like to offer presents to the most active authors of a newswire. We present books as most valuable of all we have. Editorial Board of The New Research of Tuva posts the latest offers of tuvinology to two of our authors in January, 2011: to Novosibirsk for the student Inna Tarbastayeva and in Kyzyl to the staff scientist of the Tuvan Institute of Humanitarian Research Valeria Kan. One package will be sent to the USA for Heda Jindrak – translator, doctor, anthropologist and simply to a very good person! Thank you very much, dear friends!

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29 December 2010

Nomadic Civilization and 21st Century

Nomadic Civilization and 21st  CenturyOur colleague Konstantin Kuksin is a geographer and ethnographer, director of the Museum of  Nomadic Culture in Moscow. We are drinking tea and talk in the visitors' yurt of the museum just before, we have caught an excursion about the traditions and way of life of the Kirgiz, which Konstantin conducted for schoolchildren. The schedule of the museum is very busy, and the fact that schoolchildren come here, to Aviamotornaya, all the way from Krylatskoye, is in itself an indicator.

Nomadic peoples with their way of life - that is not just an echo of long-ago centuries. They live in 21st century together with us, and have preserved their modest existence, while many mighty empires have disintegrated, and only their chronicles and monuments of architecture are left for us.

Kirill Degtiarev, Olga Czareva, Yaroslav Nikitin, Russian Geographic Society. Translated by Heda Jindrak
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27 December 2010

And more about arzhaans of Tuva

And more about arzhaans of TuvaUsually people start thinking about arzhaans closer to July, around the time when they "ripen". But we have several reasons to talk about healing springs in December. First, our ancerstors would start preparations for  a trip to an arzhaan six months ahead of time, to get ready, and think everything out in great detail. Second, the project "Nine Treasures of Tuva" is coming to a close, and we would very much like arzhaans to be among the treasures. And the main reason is that after a political period in her life, Kara-Kys Arakchaa, a scientist-chemist, an author of  the popular brochure "Story of the Arzhaans of Tuva" and a delegate  to the State Duma, returned to Tuva.

Marina Chanzan, Plyus Inform. Translated by Heda Jindrak
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19 December 2010

Buryatia: In the depths of Siberian Runes

Buryatia: In the depths of Siberian RunesBuryatia is located on the Russian border, next to Mongolia. The history of  our region is for that reason densely interwoven with that of other nations, cultures, and languages.

Buryats and Mongols used to have the same Old Mongolian script. Its old cursive can be seen to this day on various souvenirs as an ornament.

Just like the other languages of other peoples of the USSR which did not have their own writing system, the Buryat language was systematized in 1931 into Latin alphabet, and in 1937 into the basis of Russian alphabet. But the Buryat nation was not illiterate. Old Mongolian script was not used only for religious purposes, but in secular activities of the Buryats in the steppe Dumas as well. These organs of Buryat self-rule were established according to “Constitution about ruling other nations” in 1822. The Taishi  ruled the Buryats under the control of East Siberian administration. The Czarist authorities liquidated the Steppe Dumas even before the revolution. The documents from the Dumas are kept in the National Archive of Buryatia. They are written in beautiful Mongolian cursive.

Inform polis online. Translated by Heda Jindrak
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18 December 2010

Mongolia will be celebration 2200 years from founding of Xiongnu Empire

Mongolia will be celebration 2200 years from founding of Xiongnu EmpireIn 2011, Mongolia will observe 2200 years from the founding of the Xiongnu (Hsiung-nu) Empire.

National committee  for organizing this historical event is to be headed by the minister of education, E. Otgonbayar.

The government believes that the celebration of this date will graphically show how the Mongols were the first among the nomads to create their own state, which conducted relationships with neighboring advanced civilizations on equal basis; it will strengthen the Mongols’ pride in their native country and will bring significant contribution to the formation of patriotism.

To present understanding the Empire of the Xiongnu was a multi-national state, which means that this date should be celebrated together with countries of Asia and Europe, which should give us a wonderful opportunity to propagate the history and culture of nomads.

Researchers proved that the Great Mongol State of 13th Century  inherited and followed all the elements of state structure of  Xiongnu

IA Montsame. Translated by Heda Jindrak
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17 December 2010

The Deep Roots Of Nepotism In Central Asia

The Deep Roots Of Nepotism In Central Asia All five post-Soviet Central Asian states are characterized by rampant nepotism, which has arguably become the main obstacle hampering their economic and political development. Kyrgyzstan's two post-Soviet leaders -- Askar Akaev and Kurmanbek Bakiev -- were both undone by the favoritism they showed their children and close relatives, a lesson that should not be lost on the heads of Kyrgyzstan's neighbors. Bakiev, who was ousted as president in April, appointed his son and brothers to high state positions. His son, Maksim, and his brother, Janysh, in fact, became some of the most influential political figures in the country. Leading opposition figure Azimbek Beknazarov went so far in 2007 as to say that Janysh and Maksim were actually running Kyrgyzstan. While politician Omurbek Tekebaev said Kyrgyzstan had established a system of medieval nepotism in which power is distributed solely on the basis of consanguinity.
Cholpon Orozobekova, http://www.rferl.org
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